PainSA is a chapter of the International Association for the Study of Pain. Our mission is to improve all aspects of pain management in Southern Africa.

Spinal Injection Techniques- A Book Review

In an effort to tackle the substantial issue of chronic pain affecting approximately 20.4% of the US population, Theodoridis and Kraemer’s second edition text focuses on a significant subset of these patients: those with spine-related complaints. This comprehensive guide offers techniques that serve as a valuable link between conservative and surgical therapies, with a particular emphasis on addressing the needs of aging populations, who are more susceptible to these pain diagnoses.