Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a complex and debilitating condition that is preva- lent worldwide. The symptoms of the condition fit a biopsychosocial model of pain, and can include bladder, bowel and sexual dysfunction. The cause of CPP is often unclear, as are the most effective interventions. There is a shortage of skilled physiotherapists in the UK, and patients often only access physiotherapy as a last resort. Multidisciplinary team (MDT) programmes are effective in manag- ing chronic low back pain, and the same type of initiatives may be effective for CPP. The aim of this literature review was to identify and synthesize evidence from recent empirical quantitative studies in order to answer the following ques- tion: is physiotherapy effective in the management of CPP in men and women aged 18 years and older, and if so, which treatment protocols are best?
PainSA is a chapter of the International Association for the Study of Pain. Our mission is to improve all aspects of pain management in Southern Africa.